The province of ACEH (NAD) covers 60.000 sq.km and is
populated by 4.200.000 inhabitants., divided on several ethnic
groups: The Acehnese in Northern and western coastal areas,
Melayu Tamiang in the eastern coastal area, the Gayo in the
central highlands, the Alas in the southeastern highlands, the
Pesisir in the south western coastal area and a few minor groups on
Pulau Simeulue and Pulau Banyak. App. 10 different languages are
spoken in Aceh. North eastern Inland dominated by Bukit Barisan
mountain range. Highest peaks are Leuser: 3,466m, Ucop Molu: 3.187m
and Abong-Abong: 3.015m.
The regency of Sabang (mayoralty) has 26.000 inhabitants on
an area of 153 sq.km. The town Sabang with its app. 10.000
inhabitants was founded by the Dutch for its excellent harbor and
good water supply. Between the world wars it was even more important
than Singapore. The Forest Reserve on the northwestern point covers
1.300 hectares. The Marine Reserve covers 2.600 hectares.
Pulo Aceh consists of five major islands, of which Pulau Nasi
and Pulau Breueh are the inhabited ones. The others are Pulau Batee,
Pulau Bunta and Pulau Kreusik respectively. It covers 241 sq.km and
forms a sub-regency in the regency of Aceh Besar. There is no town,
but several villages. Some parts were severely damaged by tsunami.
Malaria is common in Pulau Aceh; use prophylactics.